Ali Kivejinja: Here is what you need to know about the fallen Deputy Prime Minister

The second Deputy Prime Minister died on Saturday at Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala where he had been admitted for over a month after testing positive for COVID-19.

The late Ali Kirunda Kivejinja|COURTESY PHOTO.

President Yoweri Museveni has described the late Ali Kirunda Kivejinja as a Pan Africanist.

The second Deputy Prime Minister died on Saturday at Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala where he had been admitted for over a month after testing positive for COVID-19.


The send-off prayers for the late politician held at the National Mosque in Old Kampala on Sunday presented a platform for leaders to both pay homage to a man who was “proud of his religion” and committed to serving his country, as well as to voice their stance on the need for Ugandans not to let their guard down at a time of elevated threat by the coronavirus.

Mufti of Uganda Sheikh Shaban Ramathan Mubajje was particularly dismayed by the manner in which people are becoming lax despite repeated calls by authorities to obey the measures instituted to prevent the contraction and spreading of the virus.

He said that as the country remembers the contributions of Kivejinja to especially Uganda’s Muslim community, it is equally important that no more lives are lost as a result of non-adherance to the standard operating procedures (SOPs) against COVID-19.

From Old Kampala, funeral prayers continued at Bubinga Primary School and later his body was laid to rest at his home in Buwabe village, Bugweri district.

But who was exactly Ali Kivejinja?

Al-Hajj Ally Muwabe Kirunda Kivejinja was born on June 12, 1935, in an aristocratic family that traced its origin from the ancient kingdom of Bunyoro Kitara. He was born at the height of British colonial occupation of Uganda.

Kivejinja undertook Islamic instruction before formal education that took him to India, a newly independent nation.

Kirunda changed his life career path from human medicine to a political calling because of the influence of Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s founding prime minister who encouraged him to fight for his country’s independence.

Formed a comradeship with John Kakonge, Wadada Musani, Kintu Musoke and Bidandi Ssali to infuse their energies and organize a party linked to the Indian National Congress as a vehicle for independence aspirations.

At that time in 1957, the Uganda National Congress (the first nationalist party in Uganda under Musaazi) was under suppression from the British government with all its leaders in jail and was fractured into factions.

The late Ali Kirunda Kivejinja sharing a light moment with NUP president Robert Kyagulanyi|Courtesy.

The Colonial government had organized elections for the Legislative Council, commonly known as the LEGCO but made sure no person linked to the Congress Party made it into parliament.

When John Kakonge returned from India in 1959, he met the Member of Parliament for Lango who had been elected in the place of Yekosofat Engur (Vice President of UNC). He told him about his group in India and the connection to Nehru. That member of parliament was Milton Obote. He worked as his secretary. Together with the Indian group, they found a way of getting most members of the Legco to unite and form the Uganda People’s Congress with Obote as President and Kakonge as Secretary-General in 1961. Wadada Musani was Publicity Secretary.

Kirunda then still in India was tasked with learning the organization of the Indian National Congress, how it recruits members and organizes party primaries. He also represented the Uganda People’s Congress (UPC) in international fora.

The elections organized in 1961 returned a Democratic Party(DP) majority but were boycotted by Buganda. A new election had to be organized and this time with the participation of Buganda under Kabaka Yekka. The KY-UPC alliance won. Kirunda returned in time for independence and was named as Head of the UPC Research and Information Bureau.

With contradictions in UPC party, he was expelled in 1965 with his colleagues because they advocated for a welfare state and retreated to an underground life at Sapoba Printers.

With the fall of Amin, he re-engaged in active politics as a member of the National Consultative Council and actively participated in the formation of the Uganda Patriotic Movement (UPM) to contest the 1980 elections. UPM fronted Yoweri Museveni as a presidential candidate.

When UPC came to power again in 1980, Kivejinja followed Yoweri Museveni to the bush in 1981 and was active in the organization of the armed movement as a member of the Resistance Council in Luwero triangle and Kampala with others like Eriya Kategaya, Moses Kigongo and Bakulumpagi Wamala. He went into exile.

Ali Kirunda Kivejinja (RIP) and Uganda Patriotic Movement’s Presidential Candidate Yoweri Kaguta Museveni campaigning at Busoga Square, Jinja in 1980| COURTESY/FILE.

He fled to Nairobi and joined the External Wing of NRM as Editor of the Resistance News. This was a newsletter of the National Resistance Movement that articulated the theoretical justification of the armed struggle in Uganda.

He was forced out of Nairobi by agents of the UPC government and took refuge in Vienna, Austria on the invitation of Erin Lance, then foreign minister in the socialist government of Bruno Kreisky. In Vienna, he was instrumental in the publicity of the NRM struggle in Europe with Ben Matogo.

In 1984, he was crucial in recruiting William Pike, then a freelance journalist in London, he smuggled Pike into Luwero from where he interviewed the rebel leader Yoweri Museveni for the first time since 1981. Pike’s break out story on the organization of the National Resistance Army made the case of the armed resistance against the UPC in western media.

At the death of the founding chairman of the NRM Prof Yusuf Lule in January 1985, Kirunda organized the final consultative meetings of the NRM executive that confirmed Yoweri Museveni as the new Chairman of the NRM in Vienna, Austria.

He returned to Nairobi after the fall of the UPC government in the 1985 coup and was a member of the NRM delegation at the Nairobi peace talks of 1985 with the Okello junta. He re-joined the NRA forces in Muchwa, Kabarole in August 1985 as the commissioner for finance in the NRM interim administration set up in western Uganda.

On the capture of state power in 1986, he served both in government and at the movement secretariat emphasizing the ideological foundation of the NRM.

He lived his life as a Muslim intellectual, Leftist /socialist ideologue and African nationalist from the pre-independence era.

Kirunda Kivejinja was a Prince of the Baisemenhya, one of the eleven royal clans of Busoga. He was a 7th Generation descendant of the late Omukama of Bunyoro, Agutamba Nyamutukura.

Kivejinja’s grandfather Ali Muwaabe was the founder of Islam in Busoga.

Late Hon. Kivejinja served the NRM government as Minister of Relief and Social Rehabilitation; Works and Transport, Minister Without Portfolio; Minister of State for Foreign Affairs; Deputy National Political Commissar; Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of East African Affairs.

He served as Constituent Assembly Delegate for Bugweri (1994-96) and MP Bugweri (1996-2001).

In 1979, he co-founded the Weekly Topic newspaper whose demise birthed the Daily Monitor.


•Primary: Kibuli Junior School
•Secondary: Busoga College Mwiri -Pre-University: Madras Christian College
•University: Delhi University

Apart from politics, Kivejinja was the author of Uganda: The Crisis of Confidence, a book about Uganda’s political history.

Part of the story was extracted from the Uganda Media Centre page.